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International Day for the Reduction of Natural Disasters, in the middle of October every year a date to remember or learn what natural disasters are and above all what consequences they have. If the images we see on TV of cyclones and tsunamis they seem distant and "harmless" is not so. There International Day for the Reduction of Natural Disasters teaches us that the risk is around the corner and is not a purely environmental concern, it also concerns economy, culture and society.
International day for the reduction of natural disasters: when it occurs
Every year it is celebrated on October 13th the International Day for the Reduction of Natural Disasters and the goal of this calendar box circled in red is to educate and sensitize both individual citizens and those with important decision-makers, so that they take action to reduce the risks of natural disasters.
It is important every year, at least once a year, to spread knowledge and awareness on the importance of the practices of prevention and mitigation. Although we continue to talk about "acting first" today 9 dollars out of 10 are spent after the disaster struck, and only 1 dollar to prevent it, too bad that for every dollar invested in prevention, about 7 could be saved in humanitarian assistance and reconstruction.
What are natural disasters
In International Day for the Reduction of Natural Disasters it should be remembered and clarified first of all which can be considered natural disasters and which are not. By definition, the disasters so defined are those that occur as a result of a violent natural event, determined by particular phenomena such as the eruption of volcanoes, an earthquake, some floods. It is true that the hand of man at times amplifies the effects but the beginning of everything is not our cause.
The consequences of a natural disaster they are measured both in human victims and in considerable damage to the territories, to the productive activities, to the urban settlements involved.
Not all natural events, even if potentially very serious, are natural disasters, only if they involve vulnerable population, moreover a disaster caused by the direct action of man is not natural but "environmental". So an earthquake in a desert has nothing to do with it International Day for the Reduction of Natural Disasters and not even the explosion of a nuclear power plant.
International day for the reduction of natural disasters: numbers
We often need a fixed date to remind us of problems that affect us every day and to analyze increases or improvements. The same goes for the International day for the reduction of natural disasters.
Those available are not very recent but they give an idea of what these events mean for us humans and for the Earth. In the 12 months of 2012, they occurred 357 natural disasters involving nearly 125 million people and causing damage of more than 157 billion dollars. Compared to previous years, in 2012 the number of victims decreased but on the other hand there were 10% more economic losses. In the following years the numbers have only worsened and with an increasingly unpredictable climate we cannot expect this to continue, even in the coming months.
Not everything happens "on the other side of the world" as we tend to think when we hear of a disaster, in OECD countries, in fact, since 1981 the economic damage caused by disasters has grown much faster than GDP per capita. This comparison is made because it highlights how the risk of losing wealth in disaster conditions is greater than the speed with which wealth itself is being created.
Risks not only environmental
In International Day for the Reduction of Natural Disasters we must not only worry about the consequences strictly related to what we see destroyed in the area, but also about equally disastrous consequences that are less noticeable immediately.
For example in 6 years, from 2008 to 2014, over 157 million people fled their countries due to extreme weather events, this also means that many important traditions, customs and traditions are in danger of disappearing. In the islands of Vanuatu, in the South Pacific, often hit by cyclones, but also in Cameroon where drought is fought. There are many other similar examples and in the International day for the reduction of natural disasters each of us can propose to deepen one of them.
International day for the reduction of natural disasters: initiatives
The initiatives of the International day for the reduction of natural disasters they are mainly in the local area, unless you occupy the top management of some administration or multinational, in this case you can make important decisions and initiate wide-ranging awareness-raising policies. Each one, however, wherever in the world he finds himself occupying, can lend a hand.
For example, reminding your colleagues or neighbors that October 13 is the International Day for the Reduction of Natural Disasters, posting it on their Facebook wall, getting more information on the topic and asking if the environmental associations in the area organize meetings or information campaigns to participate in, so that the next International Day for the Reduction of Natural Disasters we will have better data to tell.
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